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The Quick Facts
- This week, India made some controversial decisions regarding Kashmir, a Himalayan region that both India and Pakistan say is fully theirs.
- At the beginning of the month, India began deploying tens of thousands of additional troops to the areas of Kashmir it controls. Schools and colleges were shut, tourists were ordered to leave, telephone and internet services were suspended and regional political leaders were placed under house arrest.
- On Monday, India scrapped nearly all of Article 370 of the Indian constitution, which granted certain privileges and a degree of autonomy to the Kashmir state. Article 370 is what allowed Kashmir to maintain its own constitution, a separate flag, and its freedom to make laws.
- Revoking Article 370 has long been a part of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s agenda, who has argued that it needed to be scrapped to integrate Kashmir and put it on the same footing as the rest of India. Kashmiri critics of the decision say Modi and his party’s ultimate goal ultimate is to change the demographic character of the Muslim-majority region.