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The Quick Facts
- Over the last decade, many states and cities have chosen to celebrate Indigenous Peoples' Day instead of (or along with) Columbus Day.
- Columbus Day officially became a federal holiday in 1937, under President Franklin D. Roosevelt. It celebrates the anniversary of Christopher Columbus' arrival in the Americas in 1492.
- Indigenous Peoples' Day began in 1989 in South Dakota. Today, it is officially observed in Dallas, Washington DC, and other cities, as well as the states of Louisiana, Maine, Michigan, Vermont, Wisconsin, New Mexico, and others.
- This push is in part motivated by Columbus' treatment of the indigenous peoples of the Americas.